**Operators are the symbols that are used to carry out specific arithmetic, logical, mathematical or assignment operation.**

Operators work on operands to give a desired result. With the help of the different categories of the operands, one can carry out different operations in a C++ Program.

The C++ language offers its coders to use different types of operands, these are as follows:

- Arithmetic Operators
- Assignment Operators
- Relational Operators
- Logical Operators
- Bitwise Operators
- Misc Operators

In this chapter, we will focus on: ** Arithmetic, Assignment **and

**.**

*Relational Operators***Arithmetic Operators:**

The C++ language allows the use of the following Arithmetic Operators, here we have assumed two variables A and B where A has a value of 10 and B has 20. Now, let us take a look at the Arithmetic Operators offered by C++:

Operator |
Description |
Example |

+ | Adds two operands | A + B will give 30 |

– | Subtracts second operand from the first | A – B will give -10 |

* | Multiplies both operands | A * B will give 200 |

/ | Divides numerator by de-numerator | B / A will give 2 |

% | Modulus Operator and remainder of after an integer division | B % A will give 0 |

++ | Increment operator, increases integer value by one | A++ will give 11 |

— | Decrement operator, decreases integer value by one | A– will give 9 |

Here, ++ and the – are known as the **unary operators, **as they need only one operand to operate while all the other arithmetic operators given in the table are **binary operators, **because they need two operands to operate on.

To understand the arithmetic operators, in a better way, here is a C++ program that uses all the arithmetic operators:

```
#include <iostream.h>
void main()
{
int a = 21;
int b = 10;
int c ;
c = a + b;
cout << c << endl ;
c = a - b;
cout << c << endl ;
c = a * b;
cout << c << endl ;
c = a / b;
cout << c << endl ;
c = a % b;
cout << c << endl ;
c = a++;
cout << c << endl ;
c = b--;
cout << c << endl ;
}
```

**Output:**

```
31
11
210
2
1
22
9
```

**Assignment Operators:**

C++ offers the use of simple and shorthand assignment operators as well. The Assignment Operators are as follows:

Operator |
Description |
Example |

= | Simple Assignment Operator, used to assign values from right side to left side | C= A + B will assign value of A+B to C |

+= | Shorthand Assignment operator to add the right operand to left and assign the new value to left operand |
C+= A will expand to C=C+A |

-= | Shorthand Assignment operator to subtract the right operand to left and assign the new value to left operand |
C-= A will expand to C=C-A |

*= | Shorthand Assignment operator to multiply the right operand to left and assign the new value to left operand |
C*= A will expand to C=C*A |

/= | Shorthand Assignment operator to divide the right operand to left and assign the new value to left operand |
C/= A will expand to C=C/A |

%= | Shorthand Assignment operator to return quotient of the right operand to left and assign the new value to left operand |
C%= A will expand to C=C%A |

**Relational Operators:**

Relational Operators are used to tell the relation between two operands, they return the result as ** true** or

*false.*Suppose, A=10 and B=20, then the relational operators will be as follows:

Operator |
Description |
Example |

== | Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if yes then condition becomes true. | (A == B) is not true. |

!= | Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if values are not equal then condition becomes true. | (A != B) is true. |

> | Checks if the value of left operand is greater than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. | (A > B) is not true. |

< | Checks if the value of left operand is less than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. | (A < B) is true. |

>= | Checks if the value of left operand is greater than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. | (A >= B) is not true. |

<= | Checks if the value of left operand is less than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. | (A <= B) is true. |

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